Xoloitxcuintle – Mexican Hairless


A dog with strength, grace and intelligence. Extremely expressive use of body language to communicate. Happy and alert. Loyal with family and aloof with strangers but not aggressive. Adults are reasonably calm, but puppies are noisy and unruly. They are intensely devoted to their owners and will follow them everywhere, all the time if possible. They will tend to bond with one person. They have a primitive and working temperament, and strong prey drive.

Minimum Exercise:

Exercise/Activity Level: Depends on the size you choose. However these are primitive hunting dogs and enjoy their exercise. Toy – an hour a day, Miniature up to 2 hours a day. A Standard Xolo will suit an active outdoorsy lifestyle and be a willing participant in demanding sports such as running/cycling, plus agility. They excel in any dog sport.

Size: This breed comes in 3 sizes. Toy - 9 to 13 3/4 inches Miniature - 13 3/4 to 18 inches Standard - 18 to 22 3/4 inches

Weight: Toy - 5 to 15 lbs Miniature – 15 to 25 lbs Standard – 25 to 40lbs

Colour: Skin colour is generally grey, chocolate or tan

Town or Country: Toy and Miniature – both Standard – preferably country

Low Allergy:

Best Suited for: Active households with a securely fenced garden, in a moderate climate, willing to invest time in grooming, training/sports and being a ‘pack leader’, and preferably where there is someone around much of the day.

Group: Varies depending on size and Kennel Club.

Originally From: Mexico. One of the world’s oldest breeds, dating back at least 3000 years.

Original Purpose: Working hunter, guard and companion.

Living Space: Low to medium. A large securely high fenced garden (2 metres or more) is an advantage for a Standard Xolo.

Coat: Hairless, sometimes with a patch of hairs on the head.

Grooming: Medium. Similar to American Hairless terriers, though their skin is tougher. It depends on the dog and their skin type. Occasional bathing with very mild fragrance free dog or baby shampoo is required. Also will require skin moisturising. Sun cream is also required, but not too much.

Children: Tends to be high if socialised early. Seek specialist advice from a Xolo breeder on this.

Sociability with strangers: Medium, sometimes low indoors. Can be much more sociable off their own territory. If well socialized as a puppy, they will enjoy, or at least accept, being handled and touched by other people. Wary, but can warm up quickly. They are known to possess exceptional guard dog ability.

Sociability with animals or other dogs: In the house, with socialisation, they will be fine. However they have strong prey drives and can easily climb and jump fences to chase small animals. However their primitive nature comes to the fore when challenged as they will not back down from a fight. Needs attention and early high socialisation to manage this.

Trainability: Medium to high. The breed has definite primitive temperament traits and requires extensive socialization and training from eight weeks to a year of age. Dog obedience class is a must. The larger ones can be serious troublemakers due to their high intelligence and strong personalities. All sizes will try and train their owners if allowed to. However they love to learn and please their owners so their smartness means they will easily pick up commands, tricks etc. Keep it fun, entertaining and positive.

Noise Level: Medium. Reasonably quiet and laid back unless they hear some alarming noises. They are very good watchdogs and protect their home and family with duty and devotion.

Known Health Issues: Very healthy and functional – a dog formed by evolution rather than man.

Lifespan: 14-16 years

Special Needs: High risk of separation anxiety which will require patience and training to overcome. Should not be left alone all day. Certainly must not be left alone for long periods until fully matured. Requires some sunscreen in summer and coat in winter. Sensitive to extreme heat.

Generally known as the Xolo (pronounced Zo-Lo). They come in hairless and coated.  Around 75% are hairless and this is the breed type we will cover. Is rare and was under threat of extinction.  Is accepted and recorded fully by the Canadian Kennel Club and the United Kingdom Kennel Club.  Is on the American Kennel Club register of rare breeds/Foundation Stock Service.

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